What are Cannabinoids?
How much do you know about cannabinoids? Often shrouded in
mystery, the science behind these chemical compounds found in
cannabis is helping us gain a deeper understanding of the plant’s
medicinal and therapeutic powers.
Cannabinoids are a class of more than one-hundred chemical compounds
found in cannabis plants. Many of these chemical compounds are still being
discovered by scientists as research into their medicinal and therapeutic
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is perhaps the most widely known cannabinoid.
This chemical compound is responsible for many of the plant’s psychoactive
effects. In others, consuming THC can provide you with a euphoric “high”.
Not every chemical compound hidden inside cannabis is psychoactive. This is
one of the big misconceptions that people make when it comes to
Every single one of these chemical compounds is different. While some have
profound psychotropic effects, others present more therapeutic properties that
have excited the health and wellness world.
Why do these chemical compounds matter?
Cannabinoids have a unique ability to interact with and strengthen our
endocannabinoid system. Each type of cannabinoid communicates with this
system in a different way, prompting different responses.
Essentially, the endocannabinoid system is a signaling network located
throughout our bodies. It can have an almighty influence over functional
processes in our bodies, affecting our sleep, mood, appetite, memory and
fertility in positive ways.
It’s all about homeostasis. The main objective of the endocannabinoid system is
to bring a sense of balance to our bodies. When you consume cannabinoids
that bind to the receptors in this system, it can help the body to achieve this
So, which cannabinoids should a person be consuming? Well, ultimately, it all
depends on what functional processes you are interested in regulating. Certain
cannabinoids will travel to particular areas of bodies, whilst others will head
Some cannabinoids go straight to the central nervous system and others head
to the peripheral nervous system and the digestive system. Individual types of
cannabinoids can’t interact with every receptor in the body. They operate in
niches, specialising only in certain functional processes.
What is Cannabigerol (CBG)?
Cannabigerol (CBG) is just one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis. It is
often referred to as the “stem cell” or “mother” to all other cannabinoids found
in the plant.
This parent molecule can eventually transform into THC, CBD, CBC and a few
ever lesser-known cannabinoids. It can achieve this by having an enzymatic
reaction. Unlike cannabinoids like THC, CBG doesn’t have the ability to get you
“high”, as it is non-psychoactive.
Typically, it’s hard to find much CBG in cannabis strains. There isn’t very much
of it. Not long after the chemical compound is formed, it usually ends up being
whisked away down a chemical pathway to transform into another type of
cannabinoid, like the ones we just mentioned.
Does Cannabigerol come with health benefits?
In its isolated state, CBG has a lot of medical potential. Whilst there is still much
to study, we do know that CBG presents some incredibly promising
Alongside this, CBG can also increase GABA uptake. GABA is a very helpful
neurotransmitter located in the brain that is naturally designed to reduce
overactivity in your central nervous system. This can promote muscle
relaxation, a sense of calmness and other anti-anxiety effects.
Like all of the cannabinoids, there is still much to learn about their potential
medicinal and therapeutic properties. With interest continuing to grow, there
seems to be new research emerging almost weekly and the exciting benefits of
these cannabis-derived compounds.
What is Cannabichromene (CBC)?
Cannabichromene (CBC) is often found in only very small quantities in most
cannabis strains. This is one of the common traits that it shares with CBG, along
with being non-psychoactive.
CBC is actually one of the descendants of CBG, like many other cannabinoids.
Do you remember when we spoke about CBG being a parent molecule and
having an enzymatic reaction to create various cannabinoids? CBC is one of
In terms of its molecular structure, this cannabinoid shares a lot of similarities
with CBD and THC, despite not sharing all of their properties. You can think of
them being like brothers and sisters, which CBG as the mother.
Does Cannabichromene come with health benefits?
When it comes to CBC, there’s plenty to be excited about! CBC may potentially
contribute to a mood-elevating feeling without any psychoactive effects. Whilst it
interacts with your brain, it doesn’t seem to activate the same pathways in the
brain as THC.
Much like CBG, CBC has anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce swelling
and pain in the body. It is able to do this much more effectively when combined
with a mixture of other cannabinoids to fight swelling and pain in multiple
CBC and CBG are still very much an unfolding story. With the profound
medicinal and therapeutic benefits of these cannabis-derived chemical
compounds, there is a lot to be excited about.
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